In This Issue
By Chris Vogel, Revenue and Tax Reform
During the three-day interim session, the following two committees addressed revenue and tax reform issues.
At the September 25 House Revenue Committee meeting, Rep Reschke said that sales tax looks more and more friendly for Oregon as income tax becomes more complicated. At the September 26 Senate Finance and Revenue meeting, LRO discussed nexus court cases. In the 1992 Quill case, the US Supreme Court ruled that companies must have a physical presence in a state to have nexus for states to be able to tax the companies. However, this year the Supreme Court overturned Quill, ruling that (to quote LRO’s handout) “replacing the substantial nexus standard of physical presence with an unspecified sufficiency test for determining if substantial nexus exists. It appears to apply to all taxes.” LRO pointed out that Oregon statute does not have a bright line defining economic nexus. This may come up in the 2019 session.
Topics on the agenda may be of interest to you as shown below. Click on the links for a complete agenda of each committee hearing. Once on the agenda page, you may also click on “meeting materials” for reports, PowerPoint, or other submitted materials. On the agenda page you’ll also find an OLIS link for a “recording log” where you may watch testimony and legislative committee members’ discussion on specific topics that interest you. LWVOR Action monitors the interim sessions for content and discussion about legislative concepts/bills to be submitted in the upcoming 2019 session. These informational meetings have invited testimony only, thus no LWVOR written or verbal testimony is submitted. Chris Vogel was traveling during the interim session and submission deadline for this legislative report, so this abbreviated summary allows you an opportunity to become more familiar with OLIS—click on the links.
- House Interim Committee on Revenue: Opportunity Zones; DOR administration update (federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act); tax credit auctions; and income tax connection to federal law. Of note, this committee has a new chair, Representative Nancy Nathanson.
- Senate Interim Committee on Finance and Revenue: Tax credit auctions, DOR administration update, income tax connection to federal law, and an update on corporate nexus
If Oregon’s revenue and tax reform issues interest you, please contact LWVOR Action Revenue Coordinator Chris Vogel. Thanks to Maud Naroll for participating in the Oregon Revenue Roundtable and analyzing legislative concepts for tax reform!
By Rebecca Gladstone, Governance Coordinator
We are in election mode! The League state Ballot Measure endorsements can be found online here.
Action is consulting on agency budgets, draft 2019 legislation, and proposed election OAR adjustments (Oregon Administrative Rules). Interim Days were busy! The Aurora Airport discussion in Joint Ways and Means was tense. The Legislative Audits Committee and Audits Division are still defining their relationship, with some pre-election partisan sparring using audit results. Representatives and some Senators are up for re-election, adding energy and some unease.
This brief interim session met to:
- Convene the Emergency Board, staffed by the Legislative Fiscal Office, to allocate emergency funds, increase expenditure limits, authorize transfers, receive reports, and approve federal grant applications. “Consent grants, “individual actions”. HAVA funds were allocated, without discussion, as election security is an ongoing concern, nationally.
- Convene legislative committees for ongoing work, including 2019 session prep. No public hearings were held so the League did not testify. There were lots of “executive appointments”.
- Prepare for the 2019 legislative session with legislators submitting “LCs”, or legislative concepts, by the deadline to be ready at start of session. Legislative Counsel will review hopeful bill proposals, comparing to current ORS (Oregon Revised Statutes) and earlier related submissions.
General Government– Watch for broadband legislation.
House Revenue– Leadership changed. LRO is preparing Oregon tax forms to conform to federal changes. They want taxpayers to know that federal and state returns don’t need to match for standard and itemizing deductions. Nice report on Oregon’s film industry, more as TV episodes now. Note Rep Reschke’s surprisingly tolerant sales tax comment.
Information Technology – Focus on information security planning, resiliency, disaster recovery.
Public Records, Josie Koehne – This committee is moving slowly. HB 2101 requires public records impact statements for bills passing out of committee. Most will have NO public records impact. Watch in 2019.
Audits – We’re watching uneasy coordination at best between the Audits Division and Legislative Audits Committee. Audits, reflected in press releases from the Secretary of State, report on shortcomings during this election season.
E-Board – Many topics were addressed, notably a calmer fire season than 2017, cyanotoxins impact on residential and food industry water supply, the Aurora Airport jurisdiction issues, the State Data Center (ongoing and repeatedly expensive), and emergency preparedness fuel distribution facilities.
Vets and Preparedness – We are still urging for an online Who Represents You, listing all Oregon office-holder positions, ARES (Amateur Radio Emergency Service), and County Emergency Managers.
Your help is Welcome!
This portfolio addresses issues in committees that often meet simultaneously. We can use your help watching them from home and giving snapshot reviews. These are assorted under the House, Senate, and Joint committees meeting for Rules, General Government & Accountability, Information Management, Legislative Administration, Audits, Counsel (Public Records), and Veterans and Emergency Preparedness.
We’re following election security, National Popular Vote, Public Records and Transparency, the candidate filing process, Judicial candidate information, initiative reform, small dollar campaign donations, redistricting, and others. If these interest you, please contact LWVOR Governance Coordinator Becky Gladstone. We welcome volunteers- please let us know what you’d like to work on!
Thanks to our volunteers!
YOUR HELP IS NEEDED! If any of these areas interest you, please contact: Governance Coordinator: Becky Gladstone, 541.510.9387, email@example.com.
By Peggy Lynch, Natural Resources Coordinator
Climate change, agency budgets, land use and water are all on the table for 2019. Ask candidates about natural resources issues of concern to you. We need volunteers to follow Air Quality, Transportation and the Territorial Sea Plan.
NATURAL RESOURCE AGENCY BUDGETS: These budgets depend on fees paid by permittees or users of our natural resources to help fund processing of permits and/or protecting our natural resources. VOTE NO ON MEASURE 104 or these agencies may not be able to protect our clean air, water and other natural resources. For instance, 69-71% of the Dept. of Environmental Quality budget is funded by fees—fees that help regulate the use of our air, land and water. The League is currently working with our Oregon Conservation Network partners to provide the Governor’s staff with a list of natural resource budget requests based on the various agencies’ policy option packages (new funding requests). We will engage again after the election with whomever is Governor and the new legislature.
Agency Request Budgets (ARBs) are now available on each agency’s website for you to review. Among those of interest to LWVOR: The Dept. of Environmental Quality needs additional staff to protect our clean air and water. Their current Legislative Concepts for 2019-21: Oregon Fish and Wildlife will recommend keeping the current legislatively adopted fee schedule, but asking for $14 million GF (including staff in their Water Quality Division) plus $100 million deferred maintenance lottery bonding. Forestry is struggling to deal with increased wildfires and is asking for more staff to help with that workload and for urban wildland interface staff–$26 million GF. Land Conservation and Development will request funds to continue work on housing, climate change and natural hazards. State Lands will ask to work on issues around our state waters and to continue work on the Elliott State Forest. See page 77 of their June packet. Water Resources is focusing on dam safety, water rights transfers, an additional groundwater study, place-based planning and grants and loans to implement that planning, as well as staff for implementing the Integrated Water Resources Strategy. WRD did receive instructions on page 5 of the budget report for SB 5702 to study Oregon’s High Hazard Dams and prepare a plan for the 2019 legislature to consider. The Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board has proposed their spending plan, most of which is with Measure 76 lottery dollars.
On Oct. 3rd, Governor Kate Brown announced the Oregon Environmental Protection Act, legislation that would adopt the 2016 standards of the federal Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act into state law. Such a law would require Oregon to adhere to these 1970s federal laws with their implementing rules in case the federal government attempts to roll back these important environmental laws and rules. Currently, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is proposing reducing protections against harmful toxics and air and greenhouse gas pollution. Keeping Oregon a leader to protect Oregonians and working to address the harmful effects of climate change will take active participation by League members in the 2019 legislation session.
CLIMATE CHANGE (CLAUDIA KEITH):
Clean Energy Jobs (CEJ) (Cap and Invest) Legislation & Joint Committee on Carbon Reduction: League Action members Julie Chapman and Claudia Keith attended Renew Oregon’s CEJ mini lobby day in the Capital on Sept 25. We visited six legislative leaders and provided each a written follow-up. We also attended the fifth Joint Committee on Carbon Reduction public hearing. This meeting included a number of invited guests including a person who happens to work at the Heritage Foundation. You can watch these meetings and read materials submitted to the committee at this link. LWVOR has proudly joined over 40 organizations and endorsed the Sept. 25th CEJ coalition policy outcomes statement.
Our Children’s Trust: LWVOR action members will be attending the Juliana vs US Gov. lawsuit that is scheduled to start Oct 29 in the Eugene Federal District Court. There was recent TV coverage on NBC News ‘Young people sue federal government over inaction on climate change’. LWVOR and LWVUS have joint amici standing in this historic case.
Jordan Cove Report (Shirley Weathers): The Jordan Cove Energy Project (JCEP) withdrew their application for the Section 401 Water Quality Permit and then (in the same letter) resubmitted it. The former application needed a DEQ decision by 10/23/2018. DEQ had received 42,000 comments on the former application and DEQ was working on addressing those issues. DEQ is proceeding very carefully and diligently to ensure that Oregon’s water quality standards are rigorously considered and obeyed. To learn more about the proposed project, sign up for alerts and get regular updates. Vicki Walker, Department of State Lands (DSL) Director, provided the June State Land Board with a memo on board and agency responsibilities with regard to the Jordan Cove Energy Project. From our Coos County League to their elected officials: “Our members carefully reviewed documents submitted by the Jordan Cove Project and concluded that the Project’s permit applications as submitted did not adequately address the environmental, economic, and cultural impacts, nor did they provide adequate justification to support approval.”
Other Climate Action: The Dept. of Land Conservation and Development has received monies from the federal government and will work with others to update the 2010 Climate Change Adaptation Framework. DLCD staffer Chris Shirley will lead up to 20 multi-agency people who will work on this document. They will update the risk analysis and actually do a strategy to address the issues. OSU’s OCCRI (climate institute) will provide the scientific info. There will be an update to LCDC in November.
Phil Mote, Director of the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute, recently presented to the Oregon Drought Readiness Council on The Future of Snow Droughts in Oregon. Check out the Centers for Disease Control’s new resource guide for public health professionals: Preparing for the Health Effects of Drought.
The Oregon Global Warming Commission will meet Tuesday, October 16, 2018 in Portland. Registration will begin at 12:15 p.m., and the public meeting will be held from 12:30 to 4 p.m. in the Skybridge Room at Two World Trade Center, 121 SW Salmon St. A listen-only call-in line will be available for those who cannot attend the meeting. Please call 1-888-204-5984, then use access code 1763644. Please be sure to mute your telephone line during the meeting and do not place the line on hold, as it will cause hold music to play for all participants. There will be an opportunity for public comment at about 2:40 p.m., prior to Commission voting. A final agenda, draft resolutions, and the draft biennial report will be available 24 hours before the meeting here.
In August of 2018, the Oregon Transportation Commission (OTC) officially ADOPTED the statewide transportation strategy and will be proceeding to implementation. ODOT’s recent report on meeting the statewide goals indicate that we are only 20-25% of meeting the goal, which was to reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled per capita by 25%. A testifier said we are only at 2%.
On Oct. 1st, a group met to establish a Work Plan for a multi-agency effort (ODOT, DLCD, ODOE–energy and DEQ) w/the Governor’s Energy and Climate Change Policy Advisor Kristen Sheeran leading. At some time in the next year the 3 Commissions and ODOE Director will meet as they work on this issue. As we focus on GHG.in Oregon, transportation is a major contributor. LWVOR has no one working on that factor.
In 2019 there may be legislation addressing sustainable investing. Oregon Treasurer Tobias Read has discussed that the SEC has been urged by institutions to mandate ESG disclosure via Recent Oregon Sustainable Summit. You can learn more how the Oregon Treasury takes action as a responsible investor in the Treasurer’s annual Stewardship Report.
The 2019 session may include proposed legislation on oil rail safety, fracking and improved energy efficient building codes to complement the recent Governor’s executive order, which charts a course for net zero buildings. Legislation to assist Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) program movements may also appear during 2019. A number
of Oregon cities are currently reviewing this program to improve their Climate Action Plan outcomes.
AIR QUALITY & TOXICS: Our Air Quality volunteer is moving out of state. We need a volunteer to cover this issue. The Environmental Quality Commission (EQC) will consider rules to implement the Cleaner Air Oregon program in November 2018.
LAND USE: Legislation that would allow Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs) in rural residential areas of counties outside of Urban Growth Boundaries is being considered. A Work Group sponsored by Sen. Dembrow has met several times to consider the appropriate sideboards for such action. Issues around sewers, water (wells), fire protection and short term rentals are on the table.
Housing, especially affordable housing, will continue to be a conversation in the state. The League hopes to support policies that address the issue while also supporting our 19 statewide Goals. We are a member of the Housing Alliance (H.A.) and will continue to work to balance our land use positions with H.A.’s legislation. The $1,730,000 received by DLCD in 2018 from HB 4006 has been awarded. Housing and Community Services also received $270,000 to provide help for cities with high numbers of “rent burdened” residents to hold public hearings, develop plans and consider development code changes to help with housing issues. DLCD also received $300,000 to provide planning assistance to Eastern Oregon counties and that work is also moving forward.
TRANSPORTATION: Public Transportation Investments: A new program that will invest in public transportation is officially underway. The Oregon Transportation Commission approved rules to guide the new Statewide Transportation Improvement Fund, or STIF (STIF website). The rules became effective July 1, 2018, and the first call for applications for funds has occurred.
Safe Routes to Schools: An Overview of the Safe Routes to School Infrastructure Grant Program gives a short summary of the rules and program.
WATER: Protection of wetlands looks to be an issue of concern for 2019. The League is participating in a Work Group established by the House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee (members Rep. Susan McLain and David Brock-Smith Co-Chairing) to discuss multiple issues around the designation of wetlands, how the agricultural community deals with their need to clean ditches, what are the roles of the various local, state and federal agencies around wetlands, the cost of mitigation and should the state create mitigation banks. The Dept. of State Lands has explained how they are providing increased information and mapping to help Oregon citizens deal with potential wetlands issues.
The U.S. Supreme Court has left a lower court decision in place on behalf of Washington State tribes and fish passage.
The U.S. Drought Monitor continues to show how dry Oregon continues to be in 2018.
Public water systems in the state that draw from surface water sources with a history of toxic algal blooms, or are susceptible to those blooms, were required to monitor for cyanotoxins starting in July, according to rules released June 30 by the Oregon Health Authority. The agency estimates between 150 and 200 Oregon water systems are affected, including water suppliers that purchase water from systems that draw from at-risk surface waters. The temporary rules require systems to test for microcystins and cylindrospermopsin (two kinds of cyanotoxins) every two weeks, starting between July 15 and July 28. Testing continues until Oct. 31. Analysis will be handled by the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality lab in Hillsboro, free of charge for the systems. “The impacts of climate change will continue to exacerbate conditions that lead to algal blooms and having better data will help us understand the threat posed to our water systems and how we can reduce harm,” said DEQ Director Richard Whitman. $1.2 million in additional monies were approved by the Sept. meeting of the Emergency Board to both the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) and DEQ.
We look forward to our new volunteer, Amelia Nestler, helping to guide us as she serves on the Oregon Health Authority Drinking Water Advisory Committee for the League. From Amelia: The next meeting is October 17th, and we will be discussing the preliminary permanent cyanotoxin monitoring rules, as well as some cleanup/reforms to the Drinking Water Operator Certification rules. If you have comments for the committee, please send to Amelia by 10/16. They’re trying to remove unnecessary barriers to certification. There will also be a formal public comment period and hearing in December to consider these rules. For the permanent cyanotoxin monitoring rules, there will be a formal public comment period and public hearing as well, anticipated in November. They hope to have the final rules filed by the end of December when the temporary rules expire.
The Governor’s Natural Resources Policy Office has introduced the need for an investment in water over the next 100 years in Oregon. Currently, state agencies are assembling information to help us understand current conditions, and we could use your help by completing this survey. The survey takes between 10-20 minutes to complete and includes 7 questions focused on the vision, goals, and information you may have regarding the current condition of natural and built water infrastructure in Oregon. The survey will be open through October 18. Please feel free to share the link with others in your organization or networks.
The Oregon State Marine Board is considering a request to increase boat license fees and also considering addressing the continuing need for non-motorized facilities with a fee to fund that need. They are modifying/reducing the concepts filed in 2017 that did not pass.
Paddlecraft owners should label their vessel using a permanent or waterproof marker covered with clear waterproof tape for increased durability, or check with their local outdoor recreation retailer or Coast Guard Auxiliary Flotilla to obtain a Paddle Smart Identification Sticker. At the very least the label should include the name of the owner, a number to reach them and a secondary point of contact. The Oregon Marine Board has stickers available. Contact: Mariann.firstname.lastname@example.org
OFFSHORE AND COASTAL ISSUES: The Territorial Sea Plan (OAR 660-036-0005), both Part 5 and the new Rocky Shores provision, are being considered by the Ocean Policy Advisory Council and should eventually be adopted by the Land Conservation and Development Commission. We could use a volunteer to follow this work.
ELLIOTT FOREST: Work is happening on a Habitat Conservation Plan. Oregon Consensus is set to provide a report to the State Land Board on Oct. 16.
FORESTRY: A coalition of environmental and fishing groups filed a federal lawsuit against the State of Oregon, alleging logging in the state’s two largest forests is threatening the survival of coho salmon that breed in streams flowing through the coastal region. The lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court in Eugene challenges the state’s logging policies in the Clatsop State Forest and the Tillamook State Forest. It alleges the Oregon Department of Forestry is in violation of the U.S. Endangered Species Act because of the logging, and is illegally engaging in activities that result in the death of a threatened species.
Three new members of the Board of Forestry were confirmed during the Sept. legislative days and will begin work at the November Board meeting.
ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT: The U. S. Dept. of Interior has published proposed significant changes to the rules around the Endangered Species Act. The U.S. House of Representatives has also drafted legislation to weaken the 45-year old Act.
PARKS and SCENIC WATERWAYS: Oregon Parks and Recreation continues to consider a new Nehalem River Scenic Waterway. They have developed a draft management plan with input from an advisory committee of private landowners, community members, public landowners, and others. Those interested should contact Scenic Waterway Coordinator Alex Phillips. More information on the State Scenic Waterway program is here.
Because lottery dollars have increased since the end of session, the Sept. Emergency Board approved a number of funding requests for the Oregon Parks and Recreation Dept. including additional monies for maintenance and $1.5 million for land purchases.
A new position was added to the OPRD’s staffing at the end of the 2017 session, the new Outdoor Recreation Director.
REGIONAL SOLUTIONS: The League encourages members to continue to follow the Regional Solutions (RS) program to assure that there is a public element to any funding decisions and that local citizens know what projects are being “helped” by the RS process. Please sign up to get the notices of meetings in your region. Members can attend or call in to listen to economic activities in each of the 11 regions. The Sept. Emergency Board allocated the 2017 budgeted monies to a variety of projects.
YOUR HELP IS NEEDED! If any of these areas above interest you, please contact Natural Resources Coordinator Peggy Lynch.
By Karen Nibler, Social Policy Coordinator
Oregon Health Authority administrators have been canvasing the state with plans for Coordinated Care Organizations CCO 2.0 and gathering citizen input for the next CCO contract in 2020. The ACA expansion covered 400,000 people so that 26% of Oregon residents are now covered by the Oregon Health Plan. The uninsured are fewer, dropping from 14.6 % to 6.2 % now. OHP gets 20% of the state budget now. However, the expenditure to cover more people is higher and greater revenue will be needed in the next biennium.
OHA has targeted improvement in behavioral health, social factors, transparency, and payment for better health outcomes. OHP has reduced Medicaid spending but pharmaceutical costs are rising. The social determinants of health needs are undetermined.
The Task Force on Health Care Cost Review has concluded their review of other state models. The State of Massachusetts holds its spending growth rate down to 4%. Inpatient care and pharmacy costs are highest. Global budgets for hospitals were recommended. A report on the consensus to hold the growth rate to 3.4% was submitted to the House Health Care Committee in the September Interim. The Task Force on Pricing of Drugs has not concluded.
The Department of Human Services has been hiring new Child Welfare caseworkers and aides and training new staff. The effort to decrease children in care will be to offer family services before taking physical custody of the children. The number of families receiving Self Sufficiency grants have decreased. The DHS Budget will keep increasing because of the growing numbers in the aging and disabled populations.
Housing funds were granted to the Oregon Housing and Community Services agency, but there is lag time to get money allocated and projects started. Communities are bearing the brunt of the homeless. School districts are concerned about the number of homeless children in schools. Family and youth shelters are needed, so the league should continue to advocate for rental assistance from community action agencies. Behavioral Health services and support for school nurses are needed for children too.
LWVOR worked on Homeless Youth in past biennia. Funds for youth shelters were transferred from DHS to the Department of Education – Youth Development Division, but funding has been decreased over the past biennia. Teens often separate from families in economic hardships so that teen shelters become more critical. The League should revisit the need for advocacy here.
Public Safety efforts to control prison growth have shown some success. The Criminal Justice Commission projects are operational in all counties, but the funded services vary according to community needs. Services to recent parolees from prisons are holding down recidivism rates, which has resulted in no new prisons. Parenting programs in prisons and community corrections have been supported. Reports on these projects are due in the next session.
Oregon Youth Authority has had administrative and facility changes within its organization. The numbers of commitments are fewer for the adult system versus the juvenile system. The League remains concerned about sentencing youth in the adult system and will be meeting with legislators about proposals for the 2019 session. Gun safety bills will be anticipated too.
Family and Medical Leave Insurance (FAMLI): The bipartisan legislative workgroup led by Sen. Kathleen Taylor and Rep. Jennifer Williamson continues to meet, gathering specific information about costs, projected utilization, and the most efficient structure for paid family leave in Oregon. Because the program will likely involve a small contribution from employers and employees (read “tax”) the measure will need to start on the House side. Final details of the bill are still being worked out, but we expect to have a consensus bill for the 2019 legislative session.
YOUR HELP IS NEEDED! If any of these areas interest you, please contact Social Policy Coordinator: Karen Nibler 541.752.8567 email@example.com
By Chris Vogel, Education Policy Coordinator
During the three-day interim session, the following committees addressed education issues. Topics on the agenda may be of interest to you as shown below. Click on the links for a complete agenda of each committee hearing. Once on the agenda page, you may also click on “meeting materials” for reports, PowerPoint, or other submitted materials. On the agenda page you’ll also find an OLIS link for a “recording log” where you may watch testimony and legislative committee members’ discussion on specific topics that interest you. LWVOR Action monitors the interim sessions for content and discussion about legislative concepts/bills to be submitted in the upcoming 2019 session. These informational meetings have invited testimony only, thus no LWVOR written or verbal testimony is submitted. Chris Vogel was traveling during the interim session and submission deadline for this legislative report, so this abbreviated summary allows you an opportunity to become more familiar with OLIS—click on the blue links.
- House Interim Committee on Early Childhood and Family Supports: update on the early learning strategic planning process; presentation on child care quality and availability; discussion of potential issues to address in the 2019 legislative session
- House Interim Committee on Education: 2018 Oregon teacher of the year insights; department updates on recently enacted legislation from Teacher Standards and Practices Commission; Oregon Department of Education; Office of Equity, Diversity, & Inclusion; and Chief Education Office; reports on school safety from local school districts and Oregon Public Safety Services Bureau
- Senate Interim Committee on Education: Early warning system relating to graduation; update on school for the deaf/educational opportunities for blind students; overview from Oregon Association of Relief Nurseries; discussion on a genocide curriculum concept
- House Interim Committee on Higher Education and Workforce Development: Proposal for Future Ready Program; budget request in 2019-2021 for community colleges; updates on recently enacted legislation
- Joint Interim Committee on Student Success: Quality Education Model 2018 report; Policy Recommendations from Stakeholder Organizations–Governor’s Children’s Cabinet, Confederation of Oregon School Administrators, Oregon Education Association, Oregon Department of Education Advisory Committee on Safe and Effective Schools for All Students, Oregon Task Force on School Safety, Oregon Business Council, Educator Advancement Council. This committee of Senators and Representatives has met numerous times, holding public meetings throughout the state to gather public testimony as well as meeting with local school district administrators, teachers and students. Remember the committee’s work was initiated based on five foundational principles:
- Early childhood education is important to school success.
- Attendance and having sufficient learning time are crucial.
- Oregon must improve high school graduation rates.
- The school system needs to be accountable and transparent.
- Schools need stable and sufficient resources.
YOUR HELP IS NEEDED! If Education and Early Learning interest you, please contact Chris Vogel firstname.lastname@example.org The 2019 session is likely to consider multiple aspects of Student Success. Chris and Stephanie will be meeting with coalition partners, doing research and interviews during the interim—we welcome your involvement.